Author Guidelines

Types of paper

BIOCHEPHY received articles in an original research paper, review paper, and case study.

 

Original research paper

Original research paper is an article that reports detailed research and classified as primary literature. Its format includes an introduction and background problems, hypotheses, methods, results, interpretation of findings, and discussion sections. This paper is generally long, with word count ranging from 3000 to 6000.

 

Review paper

A review paper is an article that provides an up-to-date report on the current situation regarding certain important topics on digital learning and education. It discusses previous development from the topic and gives an overview of the future. In general, a review paper is usually long, ranging from 3000 to 5000 words or even more, depending on the case being reviewed. 

 

Case study

This type of academic work can be a very useful tool in the educational process. As a rule, a paper of this kind uses a research method that relies on a single case more than on a few different samples. Such projects are quite popular in different educational institutions. Also, case studies are good for beginners and freshmen, who have never done any serious research in the past. Focusing on only one specific object is a good method to explore ideas letting researchers prepare materials for future larger projects.

 

General structure of original research paper and case study

Paper identity

The title should be short and simple. After the title of the manuscript, followed by the names of authors and affiliation. Last is the complete contact information for the corresponding author, including the email address.

 

Abstract

The abstract section is created in a single paragraph. The first sentence generally states the purpose of the experiment and the next sentence explains how the investigation is conducted. The next sentence presents an overview of the experimental results and the last sentence describes the significance of the results and their impact on the field of study in general. Add 3-5 strong keywords.

 

Introduction

The introduction of a manuscript includes a brief overview of the literature relating to the research topic. The introduction is generally written descriptively, beginning with a broad topic and slowly focusing on the work being done. An introduction usually requires several paragraphs beginning with one or two paragraphs that introduce the reader to the field of the problem under investigation in general. Then, the next paragraph explains something more specific. The last paragraph is very important, which is what experimental questions will be answered by a study and how to do it.

 

Method

The research method contains a direct description of the methods used in a study. The method contains the statement of the materials used in the study, the main procedures, the techniques used in the data retrieval, and the analysis techniques. If the research uses a particular experimental design, the method part also includes the design/set up of the research. Similarly, for literature research, theoretical or modeling components are also clearly contained in this section.

 

Result and discussion

The results present experimental data to the reader. The results (which are also research findings) are generally presented in tables and figures that are interesting and clear. This section of the discussion contains interpretations of research results to give meaning to the reader or provide guidance for further research. All figures and tables need further explanation to reveal the truth.

 

Conclusion

The conclusion contains a summary of the research findings. Then, followed by the main points of the discussion. A general conclusion ends with a statement about how the research work contributes to the field of study as a whole.

 

Acknowledgment

This section contains a statement of funding sources for the research work. This section also contains gratitude to those who contributed to the research and preparation of the manuscripts.

 

References

This section lists all the references cited in the text. BIOCHEPHY using APA 6th style. Citation and reference systems must use the Reference Management System such as Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero.

 

General structure of review paper

Paper identity 

The identity of the article review is the same as the original research paper, which includes the title, author, affiliation, and email of the corresponding author.

 

Abstract

Write in one or two sentences that describe the context and purpose of the review. Then, explain in one or several sentences to give a general description of the methodological approach, including the material and data used. Then, write down a few sentences that describe the main results. Finally, close by the conclusion linked to the objectives. Add 3-5 strong keywords

 

Introduction

The introduction of a review article is more concise than the original research paper. Introduction generally consists of three main paragraphs, containing:

1. Background: contains general topics, issues, or areas of concern to illustrate the context.

2. Problems studied: contains trends, new perspectives, gaps, or conflicts between findings.

3. Motivation/justification: contains the author's reason for reviewing the literature.

 

Material and method

The material and methods section contains for example information on data sources, data search strategies, selection criteria of articles included in the review, the amount of research included, and the methods or statistics for its analysis. The researcher must ensure that the data source is clearly identified and valid.

 

Result and discussion (main section)

The structure of the main part of a review article needs to be a coherent topic arrangement. The main sections are generally divided into sub-sections, such as methodological approaches, models or theories, studies that correspond to other unsuitable versus studies, chronological order, to the geographical location of the reviewed study.

 

Each paragraph consists of one idea, one aspect, or one topic. In the review article, one paragraph refers to several studies so that the citation per paragraph more. Each paragraph links the findings of the studies discussed with the research questions listed in the introduction. This link creates the article coherence thread that is being created. By linking one study to another, a comparison of the findings will be obtained as a material for discussion. This body text section generally consists of 70-90% of the entire article, excluding identity and reference. As an important note, the author must ensure that the review of the article is written based on the idea, not based on the literature.

 

Conclusion

The conclusions in the review article differ slightly from the conclusions of the original research paper. The conclusions generally contain the implications of the findings, the interpretation by the authors, and the identification of unresolved recital questions.

 

Acknowledgement

Acknowledgement in the review article is slightly different from the original research paper. It generally contains gratitude to the people or institutions that assist in the search and supply of literature and data, material arrangement, or process of writing.

 

References

References to review articles are generally not less than 20 referenced sources and all are expressed in the text. BIOCHEPHY uses APA Style. Citation and reference systems must use the Reference Management System such as Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero.

 

Manuscript/paper template

Manuscript/paper template of original research paper & case study

 English version      Bahasa Indonesia version

 

Language (usage and editing services)

BIOCHEPHY accept manuscript in English and Bahasa Indonesia.

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these) if you want to publish in English. Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service.

 

Artwork

General points

  • Avoid graphic plots that are too crowded.
  • Use the appropriate axis.
  • Symbols and data sets must be clear, easily distinguishable.
  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original figure/artwork.
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
  • Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
  • If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, "A1, A2, A3, etc."
  • Examples of using Figure, available in the manuscript/paper template.

 

Permissions

If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format. In such cases, material from other sources should be used.

 

Tables

  • Please submit tables as editable text and not as images.
  • Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end.
  • Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
  • Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
  • Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells. 
  • Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order. 
  • Examples of using Figure, available in full in manuscript/paper template.

 

Math formulae

Vectors and tensors should be marked clearly in the manuscript. Equation numbers should appear in parenthesis and be numbered consecutively. All equation numbers must appear on the right-hand side of the equation and should be referred to within the text. Use the following sequence of parentheses: )]}. Mathematical symbols and formulae should be typed. Particular care should be exercised in identifying all symbols and in avoiding ambiguities. The distinction should be made between the number one (1) and the letter l and between zero (0) and the letter O. If a number of symbols are used the author must provide a nomenclature list of these symbols and their meanings types on a separate piece of paper. All parameters must be noted in italics, except for subscripts. British Standards BS 350, 1991 and 3763 or ISO/R31 may be referred to for units, abbreviations, and symbols.

 

References

BIOCHEPHY using APA style. Citation and reference systems must use the Reference Management System such as Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero.

  • Mendeley
  • EndNote 
  • Zotero